WormAtlas Header

Cell Identification: Body Neurons
Hermaphrodite Ventral Cord Motor Neurons I

Click image for closeup view Click pictures for new window with high resolution image

Identification of ventral cord motor neurons are best done during L1 stage when the cell bodies occupy invariant positions. Note, however, at this stage postembryonic motor neurons with dorsal commissures (i.e. AS, VD) will not be seen.

Commissures on the right side:

AS1, AS2, AS3, AS4, AS5, AS6, AS7, AS8, AS9, AS10, AS11


DB1, DB3, DB6, DB7

DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6

VD1, VD3, VD4, VD5, VD6, VD7, VD8, VD9, VD10, VD11, VD12, VD13

Commissures on the left side:

DA1, DA3, DA4, DA5, DA6, DA7

DB2, DB4, DB5



Head neurons adult

Schematic Diagrams of Ventral Cord Motor Neurons

In all diagrams, axon processes with neuromuscular synapses (NMJ) are shown as whereas dendritic processes where synaptic inputs are received are shown as .

Class A axons run forward in both cords (VNC and DC) whereas the class B axons run backwards. The dendritic branches of the dorsal and ventral class A neurons run in opposite directions as do those from class B neurons. Ventral class D neurons receive their synaptic input on the dorsal side and give NMJ's on the ventral side. The dorsal type D neurons have half the periodicity of their ventral counterparts and receive synapses on the ventral side and give NMJ's on the dorsal side. Class AS neurons only synapse on the dorsal side and have no ventral counterpart, whereas, the class C neurons only synapse on the ventral side. The synapses from class C motor neurons onto body muscles are less dense than for the other classes (White et al., 1976).

AS Neurons
AS neurons
DA and DB Neurons
Dosal DA and DB neurons
VA Neurons
VA neurons
VB Neurons
VB neurons
VC Neurons
VC neurons
DD and VD Neurons
DD VD neurons