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CELL TYPE LINEAGE LOCATION NEUROTRANSMITTER ASSOCIATED GLIA

ASGL
ASGR

Sensory neuron (Chemosensory)

AB plaapapap
AB praapapap
Lateral ganglia of head Not known AMsh and AMso
DESCRIPTION

Amphid neurons, single ciliated endings, project into ring via commissure from ventral ganglion, make diverse synaptic connections in ring neuropil.

Functions: Involved in chemotaxis to lysine, contribute to a residual chemotactic response to cAMP, biotin, Cl-, and Na+ after ASE is killed (Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R., 1991). Controls entry into dauer stage (Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991).

Receptor expression: Express mammalian capsaicin receptor-like protein OSM-9 (Colbert H.A. et al 1997). Express neuropeptide Y receptor like protein, NPR-1 (Coates J. C. and de Bono M., 2002).