TABLE OF FUNCTIONS OF AMPHID NEURONS
NEURON TYPE FUNCTION REFERENCE
ADF Chemosensory (taste) Chemotaxis to Na+,Cl-,cAMP, biotin. (Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)
ADL Chemosensory (taste)
Odorsensory (olfaction)
Avoidance from Cd2+ and Cu2+ , and avoidance from volatile chemical, octanol.

(Sambongi Y. et al 1999)

(Troemel E.R. et al 1995)

AFD Thermosensory Thermosensory behavior. (Mori I. and Ohshima Y. 1995).
ASE Chemosensory (taste) Chemotaxis to Na+(mainly ASEL), K+(Mainly ASER), Cl- (Mainly ASER), cAMP, biotin and lysine.

(Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)

(Pierce-Shimomura J.T.et al, 2001)

(Sambongi Y. et al 1999)

ASG Chemosensory (taste) Chemotaxis to Na+, Cl-, cAMP, biotin and lysine. Dauer entry.

(Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)

(Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)

ASH

Chemosensory (taste)

Osmosensory

Mechanosensory

Avoidance from Cd2+ and Cu2+ and volatile repellent chemical, 1-octanol.

Osmotic avoidance.

Nose-touch response.

(Kaplan J. and Horvitz H.R. 1993)

(Hart A.C. et al 1999)

(Sambongi Y. et al 1999)

ASI Chemosensory (taste) Chemotaxis to Na+, Cl-, cAMP, biotin and lysine. Dauer entry.

(Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)

(Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)

ASJ Probably chemosensory (taste) Dauer recovery. (Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)
ASK Chemosensory (taste) Chemotaxis to lysine (Bargmann C.I. and Horvitz H.R. 1991)
AWA Odorsensory (olfaction) Chemotaxis to diacetyl, pyrazine, trimethylthiazole (Bargmann C.I. et al 1993)
AWB Odorsensory (olfaction) Avoidance from 2-nonanone, 1-octanol (Troemel E.R. et al 1997)
AWC Odorsensory (olfaction) Chemotaxis to benzaldehyde,butanone, isoamylalcohol, 2,3 pentanedione and 2,4,5 trimethylthiazole

(Bargmann C.I. et al 1993)

(L'Etoile N.D. and Bargmann C.I. 2000)